quarta-feira, 16 de maio de 2007

"Brasil Mulher" e "Nós Mulheres":
origens da imprensa feminista brasileira

Este artigo apresenta algumas reflexões sobre a imprensa feminista alternativa que surgiu no Estado de São Paulo, Brasil, na segunda metade dos anos 1970. Essa imprensa se tornou um espaço de expressão de uma linha política intimamente vinculada ao despertar das mulheres para as idéias feministas do período posterior à luta armada contra a ditadura no Brasil. Os jornais Brasil Mulher e Nós Mulheres retrataram, em seus artigos e editoriais, a luta pela anistia, pelas creches e pelas liberdades democráticas - todos símbolos da oposição contra o regime no período da ditadura militar. Além disso, eles incluíam matérias específicas, tais como violência doméstica, condições de trabalho das mulheres, direitos reprodutivos, aborto e sexualidade. Do ponto de vista do movimento popular e das organizações de mulheres, essa imprensa constitui, sem sombra de dúvida, uma fonte importante e ainda inexplorada para compreender o período considerado.

Rosalina de Santa Cruz Leite
Pontifícia Universidade Católica de São Paulo

O texto recupera a história dos primeiros jornais nacionais dirigidos às mulheres e feitos por mulheres 1 no período pós-1975: o Brasil Mulher e o Nós Mulheres. O surgimento desses jornais e os princípios por eles defendidos estão relacionados ao contexto histórico do país e ao movimento feminista nacional, destacando-se o seu compromisso com uma nova linguagem, e com a difusão de reivindicações e propostas diretamente relacionadas com a condição das mulheres.

Inicialmente vale ressaltar que, durante os anos do governo militar, surgiu no Brasil um tipo de imprensa denominada democrática ou alternativa por uns, e, por outros, de imprensa nanica. Esses jornais, com formato tablóide e muitas vezes de tiragem irregular e circulação restrita, eram vendidos em bancas, porém a venda mais significativa ocorria no âmbito da militância. Tratava-se de uma imprensa com características de esquerda e de oposição ao regime, artesanal e comercializada, prioritariamente, mão a mão, ou seja, através da venda por militantes dos movimentos populares em eventos ou nas sedes das próprias organizações.

Essa imprensa era representada por jornais de vários tipos e de diferentes tendências políticas, entre os quais podemos citar Pasquim, Opinião, Movimento e Em Tempo, com posições e informações fundamentalmente políticas, e Versus, Ovelha Negra, Lampião e De Fato, com orientação cultural, sexual e ideológica.

Na fase de maior efervescência política e de abrandamento da censura, cresce essa imprensa alternativa e aparecem também dois jornais feministas em São Paulo: O Brasil Mulher e o Nós Mulheres. De acordo com Maria Paula Araújo, esses jornais feministas foram inovadores não apenas em termos de linguagem, de reivindicações e de propostas, mas também na forma de divulgar uma visão de mundo e uma nova concepção de política.2



Fonte: Revista Estudos Feministas

8 comentários:

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O blog de vcs tá ótimo! Já falei isso, né?! rs
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